Books and Articles
Andrew, E.M., Gray, N.S. & Snowden, R.J. (2008). The relationship between trauma
and beliefs about hearing voices: A study of psychiatric and non-psychiatric voice
hearers. Psychological Medicine, 38, 1409-1417.


Arenella, J. (2012). Just accept it, the voices are real: Accepting the reality of voice
hearers can open the door to change and recovery, says psychologist. Behavioral
Healthcare (6), 20-23.


Baker, P. (1995). Accepting the inner voices. Nursing Times (31), 59-61.


Beavan, V. (2011). Towards a definition of “hearing voices”: A phenomenological
approach. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches, 3, 63-73.


Beavan, V. & Read, J. (2010). Hearing voices and listening to what they say: The
importance of voice content in understanding and working with distressing
voices. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 198, 201-205.


Beavan, V., Read, J. & Cartwright, C. (2011). The prevalence of voice-hearers in the
general population: a literature review. Journal of Mental Health, 20(3), 281-292.


Blackman, L. (2001). Hearing voices, embodiment and experience. London: Free
Association Books.


Chin, J.T., Hayward, M. & Drinnan, A. (2009). ‘Relating’ to voices: Exploring the
relevance of this concept to people who hear voices. Psychology &
Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 82(1), 1-17.


Cockshutt, G. (2004). Choices for voices: A voice hearer’s perspective on hearing
voices. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 9(1), 9-11.


Coffey, M. & Hewitt, J. (2008). ‘You don’t talk about the voices’: Voice hearers and
community mental health nurses talk about responding to voice hearing
experiences. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 1591-1600.


Coleman, R. (1999). Hearing voices and the politics of oppression. In C. Newnes, G.
Holmes & C. Dunn (eds.), This is Madness (pp.149-163). Ross-on-Wye, UK:
PCCS Books.


Coleman, R. & Smith, M. (2006). Working with voicesFrom victim to victor (2nd ed).
Lewis, Scotland: P&P Press (available from


Connor, C. & Birchwood, M. (2013). Power and perceived expressed emotion of voices:
Their impact on depression and suicidal thinking in those who hear voices.
Clinical Psychology Psychotherapy 20 (3) 100-205.


Corstens, D., Escher, S. & Romme, M. (2008). Accepting and working with voices: The
Maastricht Approach. In A. Moskowitz, I. Schafer & M.J. Dorahy (eds.),
Psychosis, trauma and dissociation: Emerging perspectives on severe
psychopathology (pp. 319-331). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.


Corstens, D. & Longden, E. (2013). The origins of voices: links between life history and
voice hearing in a survey of 100 cases. Psychosis, 5(3), 270-285.


Corstens, D., Longden, E., McCarthy-Jones, S., Waddingham. R. & Thomas, N. (2014).
Emerging perspectives from the hearing voices movement: Implications for
research and practice. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 40 Suppl 4, S285-S294.


Corstens, D., May, R. & Longden, E. (2007). Talking with voices: The voice dialoguing
manual (available from


Cottam, S., Paul, S.N., Doughty, O.J., Carpenter, L., Al-Mousawi, A., Karvounis, S. &


Done, D.J. (2011). Does religious belief enable positive interpretation of auditory
hallucinations? A comparison of religious voice hearers with and without
psychosis. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 16(5), 403-421.


Daalman, K., Boks, M.P.M., Diederen, K.M., de Weijer, A.D., Blom, J.D., Kahn, R.S. &
Sommer, I.E.C. (2011). The same or different? A phenomenological comparison
of auditory verbal hallucinations in healthy and psychotic individuals. Journal of
Clinical Psychiatry, 72, (3), 320-325.


Daalman, K. & Diederen, K.M. (2013). A final common pathway to hearing voices:
Examining differences and similarities in clinical and nonclinical individuals.
Psychosis, 5(3), 236-246.


Deegan, P. Coping with voices: Self-help strategies for people who hear voices that are
distressing (available from National Empowerment Center,


Dillon, J. (2010). The tale of an ordinary little girl. Psychosis, 2(1), 79-83.


Dillon, J. & Hornstein, G.A. (2013). Hearing voices peer support groups: A powerful
alternative for people in distress. Psychosis, 5(3), 286-295.


Dillon, J. & Longden, E. (2012). Hearing voices groups: Creating safe spaces to share
taboo experiences. In M. Romme & S. Escher (eds.), Psychosis as a personal
crisis: An experience-based approach (pp. 129-139). NY: Routledge.


Escher, S. & Romme, M. (2010). Children hearing voices: What you need to know and
what you can do. Ross-on-Wye, UK: PCCS Books.


Escher, S. & Romme, M. (2012). The hearing voices movement. In J.D. Blom & I.E.C.
Sommer (eds.), Hallucinations: Research and practice (pp. 385-393). NY:
Springer Science + Business Media.


Faccio, E., Romaioli, D., Dagani, J. & Cipolletta, S. (2013). Auditory hallucinations as a
personal experience: Analysis of nonpsychiatric voice hearers’ narrations.
Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 20(9), 761-767.


Goldsmith, L.P. (2012). A discursive approach to narrative accounts of hearing voices
and recovery. Psychosis, 4(3), 235-245.


Grantham, D. (2012). So, what’s wrong with hearing voices? Proponents of European
inspired hearing voices network plan peer-run groups across the U.S. Behavioral
Healthcare, (2), 32-33.


Gray, B. (2008). Hidden demons: A personal account of hearing voices and the
alternative of the hearing voices movement. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34(6),


Hayward, M. (2003). Interpersonal relating and voice hearing: To what extent does
relating to the voice reflect social relating? Psychology and Psychotherapy, 76,


Hayward, M., Berry, K. & Ashton, A. (2011). Applying interpersonal theories to the
understanding of and therapy for auditory hallucinations: A review of the
literature and directions for further research. Clinical Psychology Review, 31,


Honig, A., Romme, M.A., Ensink, B.J., Escher, S.D., Pennings, M.H.A, & deVries,
M.W. (1998). Auditory hallucinations: A comparison between patients and non-
patients. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 186 (10), 646-651.


Hornstein, G. (2009). Agnes’s jacket: A psychologist’s search for the meanings of
madness. NY: Rodale Books.
The hearing voices movement (HVN). (2013). The Psychologist, 26(8), 571


Jackson, L.J., Hayward, M. & Cooke, A. (2010). Developing positive relationships with
voices: A preliminary grounded theory. International Journal of Social
Psychiatry, 57(5), 487-495.


Johns, L.C., Nazroo, J.Y., Bebbington, P. & Kuipers, E. (2002). Occurrence of
hallucinatory experiences in a community sample and ethnic variations. British
Journal of Psychiatry, 180, 174-78.


Jones, M., & Coffey, M. (2012). Voice hearing: A secondary analysis of talk by people
who hear voices. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 21(1), 50-59.


Jones, N. & Shattell, M. (2013). Engaging with voices: Rethinking the clinical treatment
of psychosis. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 34(7), 562-563.


Jones, S., Guy, A. & Ormrod, J.A. (2003). A Q-methodological study of hearing voices:
A preliminary exploration of voice hearers’ understanding of their experiences.
Psychology & Psychotherapy, 76(2), 189.


Kalhovde, A., Elstad, I., & Talseth, A.G. (2013). Understanding the experience of
hearing voices and sounds others do not hear. Qualitative Health
Research, 23(11), 470-480.


Karlsson, L. (2008). ‘More real than reality’: A study of voice hearing. International
Journal of Social Welfare, 17(4), 365-373.


Lakeman, Richard. (2002). Making sense of the voices. International Journal of Nursing
Studies, 38, 523-531.


Lawrence, C., Jones, J. & Cooper, M. (2010). Hearing voices in a non-psychiatric
population. Behavioral and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 38, 363-373.


Longden, E. (2010). Making sense of voices: A personal story of recovery. Psychosis:
Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches, 2(3), 255-259.


Longden, E. (2013). Learning from the voices in my head. New York: TED Books.


Longden, E., Corstens, D. & Dillon, J. (2013). Recovery, discovery and revolution: The
work of Intervoice and the hearing voices movement. In: S. Coles, S. Keenan &
B. Diamond (eds.), Madness Contested: Power and Practice (pp. 161-180). Ross-
on-Wye, UK: PCCS Books.


Longden, E., Corstens, D., Escher, S. & Romme, M. (2012). Voice hearing in a
biographical context: A model for formulating the relationship between voices
and life history. Psychosis: Psychological, Social and Integrative Approaches, 4(3), 224-234.


Longden E. & Dillon, J. (2014). The hearing voices movement. In J. Cromby, D. Harper
& P. Reavey (eds.), Psychology, mental health and distress (pp. 151-156).
Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave-Macmillan.


Longden, E., Madill, A. & Waterman, M.G. (2012). Dissociation, trauma, and the role of
lived experience: Toward a new conceptualization of voice hearing.
Psychological Bulletin (1), 28–76.


Luhrmann, T.M. (2013). Living with voices. Current (549), 3-7.


Mawson, A., Berry, K., Murray, C. & Hayward, M. (2011). Voice hearing within the
context of hearers’ social worlds: An interpretative phenomenological
analysis. Psychology & Psychotherapy, 84(3), 256-272.


Mawson, A., Cohen, K., & Berry, K. (2010). Reviewing evidence for the cognitive model
of auditory hallucinations: The relationship between cognitive voice appraisals
and distress during psychosis. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 248-258.


Martin, P.J. (2000). Hearing voices and listening to those that hear them. Journal of
Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 7, 135-141.


May, R. & Longden, E. (2010). Self-help approaches to hearing voices. In F. Larøi & A.
Aleman (eds.), Hallucinations: A practical guide to treatment and management
(pp. 257-278). NY: Oxford University Press.


McCarthy-Jones, S. (2011). Voices from the storm: A critical review of quantitative
studies of auditory verbal hallucinations and childhood sexual abuse. Clinical
Psychology Review, 31, 983-992.


McCarthyJones, S. (2012). Hearing voices: The histories, causes and meanings
of auditory verbal hallucinations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


McCarthy-Jones, S. & Longden, E. (2013). The voices others cannot hear. The
Psychologist, 26(8), 570-574.


McCarthy-Jones, S., Waegell, A. & Watkins, J. (2013). Spirituality and hearing voices:
Considering the relation. Psychosis, 5(3), 247-258.


Newton, E., Larkin, M., Melhuish, R. & Wykes, T. (2007). More than just a place to talk:
Young people’s experiences of group psychological therapy as an early
intervention for auditory hallucinations. Psychology & Psychotherapy, 80(1),


Percy, M.L., Bullimore, P. & Baker, J.A. (2013). Voice hearers’ perceptions of recovery:
Findings from a focus group at the second world hearing voices festival and
congress. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, (6), 564-568.


Read, J., Agar, K., Argyle, N. & Aderhold, V. (2003). Sexual and physical abuse during
childhood and adulthood as predictors of hallucinations, delusions and thought
disorder. Psychology and Psychotherapy, 76, 1-22.


Romme, M. (2012). Accepting and making sense of voices: A recovery-focused therapy
plan. In M. Romme & S. Escher (eds.), Psychosis as a personal crisis: An
experience-based approach (pp. 153-165). NY: Routledge.


Romme, M. (2012). Personal links between traumatic experiences and distorted emotions in those who hear voices. In M. Romme & S. Escher (eds.), Psychosis as a
personal crisis: An experience-based approach (pp. 86-100). NY: Routledge.


Romme, M. & Escher, S. (eds.). (1993, 2nd ed. 1998). Accepting voices. London:
MIND Publications.


Romme, M. & Escher, S. (1996). Empowering people who hear voices. In G. Haddock &
P. Slade (eds.), Cognitive behavioural interventions with psychotic disorders
(pp.137-150). London: Routledge.


Romme, M. & Escher, S. (2000). Making sense of voices: A guide for mental health
professionals working with voice-hearers (includes the Maastricht Interview).
London: MIND Publications.


Romme, M. & Escher, S. (2005). Trauma and hearing voices. In W. Larkin & A.
Morrison (eds.) Trauma and psychosis: New directions for theory and therapy.
Routledge: London.


Romme, M. & Escher, S. (2010). Personal history and hearing voices. In F. Larøi & A.
Aleman (eds.), Hallucinations: A practical guide to treatment and management
(pp. 233-256). NY: Oxford University Press.


Romme, M., Escher, S., Dillon, J., Corstens, D. & Morris, M. (2009). Living with voices:
50 stories of recovery. Ross-on-Wye, UK: PCCS Books.


Romme, M., Honig, A., Noorthoorn E.O. & Escher, S. (1992). Coping with voices: An
emancipatory approach. British Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 99-103.


Romme, M. & Morris, M. (2013). The recovery process with hearing voices: Accepting
as well as exploring their emotional background through a supported
process. Psychosis, 5(3), 259-269.


Roxburgh, E.C. & Roe, C.A. (2014). Reframing voices and visions using a spiritual
model: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of anomalous experiences in
mediumship. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 17(6), 641-653.


Sanjuan, J., Gonzalez, J.C., Aguilar, E.J., Leal, C. & van Os, J. (2004). Pleasurable
auditory hallucinations. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 110, 273-278.


Sapey, B. & Bullimore, P. (2013). Listening to voice hearers. Journal of Social Work,
13(6), 616-632.


Sayer, J., Ritter, S. & Gournay, K. (2000). Beliefs about voices and their effects on
coping strategies. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 31, 1199-1205.


Schnackenberg, J.K. & Martin, C.R. (2013). The need for experience focused
counselling (EFC) with voice hearers in training and practice: A review of the
literature. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, (5), 391-402.


Sidgwick, H.A. Report of the census of hallucinations. Proceedings of the
Society for Psychical Research, 10, 25-422.


Smith, D.B. (2007). Can you live with the voices in your head? New York Times
Magazine, 156, 48-53.


Smith, D. (2007). Muses, madmen, and prophets: Rethinking the history, science, and
meaning of auditory hallucination. New York: Penguin Press.


Sommer, I.E., Daalman, K., Rietkerk, T., Diederen, K.M., Bakker, S. & Wijkstra, J.
(2010). Healthy individuals with auditory verbal hallucinations; who are they?
Psychiatric assessments of a selected sample of 103 subjects. Schizophrenia
Bulletin, 36, 633–641.


Suri, R. (2011). Making sense of voices: An exploration of meaningfulness in auditory
hallucinations in schizophrenia. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 51(2), 152-71.


Taylor, G. & Murray, C. (2012). A qualitative investigation into non-clinical voice
hearing: What factors may protect against distress? Mental Health, Religion &
Culture, 15(4), 373-388.


Thomas, N., McLeod, H.J. & Brewin, CR. ( 2009). Interpersonal complementarity in
responses to auditory hallucinations in psychosis. British Journal of Clinical
Psychology, 48, 411-424.


Thomas, P., Bracken, P. & Leudar, I. (2004). Hearing voices: A phenomenological-
hermeneutic approach. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 9(1), 13-23.


Tien, A.Y. (1991). Distributions of hallucination in the population. Social Psychiatry
and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 26, 287-292.


Vaughan, S. & Fowler, D. (2004). The distress experienced by voice hearers is
associated with the perceived relationship between the voice hearer and the


voice. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 143–153.


Watkins, J. (2008). Hearing voices: A common human experience. Michelle Anderson


Whitfield, C.L., Dube, S.R., Felitti, V.J. & Anda, R.F. (2005). Adverse childhood
experiences and hallucinations. Child Abuse and Neglect, 29, 797-810.


Woods, A. (2013). The voice-hearer. Journal of Mental Health, 22(3), 263-270.


Woods, A., Romme, M., McCarthy-Jones, S., Escher, S. & Dillon, J. (2013). Special
edition: Voices in a positive light. Psychosis, 5(3), 213-215.